The river traverses much of Germany in a northwesterly direction on its way to the North Sea. Together with Lübeck, Hamburg established the Hanseatic League in 1241. – Source. 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The great port city of Hamburg grew up on the Alster River on low sandy hills above the marshes. These are the Mulde and the Saale and its tributaries—including the Weisse (“White”) Elster, the Unstrut, and the Ilm. Nr. 18 beoordelingen. Subscribe to my mailing list for updates beyond the blog! De Elbe (verouderd: Elve, Tsjechisch: Labe) is met een lengte van 1164 kilometer en een stroomgebied van 144.000 km² een van de belangrijkste rivieren van Midden-Europa. The south or left bank is low and marshy and the river has sandbanks; the right bank is steep below Hamburg, but farther downstream there are marshes, diked and drained, that are intensively cultivated. The Elbe is formed by the confluence of numerous headwater streams in the Krkonoše Mountains a few miles from the Polish-Czech frontier. There is a water bridge across the river Elbe in Germany. The square is bordered by ancient beautiful gabled houses. At Neu-Darchau, about 140 miles above the mouth, the discharge rate was 24,700 cubic feet per second in the period 1926–65, with extremes of 5,100 and 127,700. Below the confluence with the Havel the river flows southeast–northwest; the floodplain widens and has distributaries and backwaters often flanked by low sandy hills (geest). The modern port facilities have spread to the low-lying south bank of the Elbe. Six different rivers flow into the Elbe, and various smaller streams do as well. Elbe River Cruises Sail the Elbe to reaches seldom seen in Germany and the Czech Republic. Other stops will include Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Meissen, Torgau, Wittenbeg and Tangermunde. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains of the northern Czech Republic before traversing much of Bohemia (western half of the Czech Republic), then Germany and flowing into the North Sea at Cuxhaven, 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Hamburg. Between Wittenberg and Dessau the east-west valley floor narrows to five miles in width, and hilly land rises to the north (the Fläming Heath) and south. Naturally dynamic channels and side arms Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the Czech Republic, you will also make numerous stops. Above Hamburg—which the Elbe transverses in two arms, the Norder Elbe and the Süder Elbe—the floodplain is eight miles wide but narrows to four miles between the sandy geest of Schleswig-Holstein and the Lüneburg Heath. Some will depart in Prague, making their way to Berlin, and others take the opposite journey. The lower course of the Elbe is tidal as far as the dam at Geesthacht, above Hamburg, where the river flow periodically reverses its direction. Elbe has the highest fish diversity of all European rivers. 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